The idea that our meager internet, which indirectly interconnects only a trifling few ‘HUNDREDS of MILLIONS’ of pitifully weak serial processors, could emulate the information of a single brain is absurd. Read the whole article here.
MSFT oriented, for the moment obsolete: bitcruncher.blogspot.com.
BunsenLabs does not use a traditional desktop like KDE, GNOME or even Xfce. Instead it’s an optimized mix of components from various open source projects including most notably the lightweight Openbox window manager, tint2 panel, the Conky system monitor, and Thunar file manager.
The guide is based on Deuterium which serves as my main coding OS. It offers a speedy, uncluttered Debian experience which (in my opinion) is only equaled by distros as for example ArchLabs Linux or CrunchBang++.
Here is a rundown of how I configured BunsenLabs to best serve my needs.
- 07/11/17 Initial setup.
Changes since the last version:
- 08/02/17 Reworked the layout.
- 08/03/17 Added Firefox, Gimp, Viewnior, Krita.
- 08/04/17 Added nftables, screenfetch, iftop, ttyload.
- 08/05/17 Added LibreOffice, Claws Mail, mutt.
- 08/07/17 Added PostgreSQL, pgAdmin.
- 08/08/17 Added mpd, ncmpcpp, curl, youtube-dl.
- 08/10/17 Added GnuPG, Sublime Text 3, Jekyll.
- 08/13/17 Added vim, Pathogen, gVim, Python, pip.
- 08/15/17 Added Git, Node.js, Ruby on Rails, Tint2.
- 08/17/17 Added terminator.
- 08/20/17 Made multiple adjustments, removed typos.
- 08/29/17 Added Geany-plugins, ranger, nicstat, lshw.
- 09/02/17 Replaced Sublime Text 3 with Atom.
- 09/20/17 Added Openbox.
- 09/28/17 Updated list with Firefox add-ons.
- 10/16/17 Added redshift, Openbox rounded corners patch.
- 10/22/17 Added newsbeuter.
As a good practice, before installation I always first boot the system from Live USB or DVD and download/run lshw to check the hardware components.
In rare cases when using a WiFi connection to connect to the internet, the Pro 2200BG adapter is not recognized during setup. Just ignore any system update. Same for anything related to Bunsen repositories; after install WiFi works fine, and you can add the repos manually in /etc/apt/sources.list.
Download the appropriate ISO (bl-Deuterium-i386_20170429.iso).
Do an install from Live USB. As soon its finished, and after reboot, you will see underneath screen asking you to update the system.
When the updating is done the script will run a set of options for attaching the Debian repositories, some 3rd party multimedia plugins, printer support, Java, and adding packages for developers.
Each of these options may be selected individually.
BunsenLabs contains a bunch of apps you can install with a simple click in the Openbox menu.
Other apps are available from the repos & 3rd party sources. If so, instructions will show the appropriate commands (always run these as non-root user with sudo privileges).
Let’s start with the list.
4.1 Internet browsers
• 4.1.1 Google Chrome, Firefox or Opera
I made a choice for Firefox but you can install any browser next to it.
• 4.2.1 LibreOffice
LibreOffice Writer is the only software that comes pre-installed. However, the remainder of the suite is just a mouse click away.
Note: I don’t like the splash screen when starting LibreOffice. To get rid of it:
Change Logo=1 to Logo=0 and exit.
• 4.2.2 Claws Mail
Claws Mail has an excellent FAQ which covers virtually all your questions.
Note: If you want to send and receive mail via a terminal, Mutt (-patched) is a must.
• 4.3.1 Gimp
Obligatory. Just a click away.
• 4.3.2 Viewnior
I don’t like the Mirage picture viewer.
Note: I am not using this, but if you are looking for a professional open source painting program with full support for graphics tablets, check out Krita.
4.4 Multimedia apps
• 4.4.1 Mpd
To configure mpd (Music Player Daemon), download this script.
• 4.4.2 Ncmpcpp
Probably the best free ncurses mpd client available.
• 4.4.3 YouTube-dl
• 5.1.1 PostgreSQL
Next, read this How to install and use PostgreSQL 9.4 on Debian 8 article.
• 5.1.2 pgAdmin
pgAdmin is a graphical administration tool for PostgreSQL.
There are forums which discuss a version 4 install on Jessie but I prefer stable, not the latest bleeding edge.
My favs for simple coding and web site development.
6.1 Text Editors
• 6.1.1 Vim
That’s done. Now, we will version our configuration to share across machines while keeping track of any changes made.
To do this, create a .vim repository with a vimrc file:
And symlink the vimrc file. This way we can (ab)use it while still getting all the advantages of versioning with Git.
Next step is theming and changing the layout:
Copy my theme git files to the colors folder. Edit .vimrc and add this line:
Some syntax highlighting based on file names would be appreciated:
filetype plugin on
And text formatting:
filetype indent on
Set default font to Menlo regular with a size 17:
set guifont=Menlo\ Regular:h17
While we are busy also add these lines:
set lines=35 columns=150
Note: Now that your vim starts to look better, let’s improve how it functions. Either visit this repo for further customization (learn while doing), or copy my dotfile (see end of sub 220.127.116.11).
Pathogen is a vim package manager that makes your life easier when working with vim: it’s how you can have your fuzzy finders, file trees, and coding tools without drowning in Vimscript.
I prefer Pathogen to some of the alternate vim package managers because it’s arguably the most popular (every plugin these days supporting it) and it’s zero -config: just drop a vim plugin into the ~/.vim/bundle folder, and it’s installed. From there you can configure the ~/.vimrc file to your taste.
Add this line to the top of your .vimrc:
*18.104.22.168 Vim plugins*
All plugins are on Git which makes updating to the latest version very easy, i.e. pulling master.
For every plugin you need to run:
For example, adding the vim-ruby plugin:
• 6.1.2 gVim
Sublime Text 3 Atom Note: Sublime is non-free. If you are willing to pay some money, you’ll get one slick source code editor.
Must have community themes and packages:
• 6.2.1 Python
Jessie ships with both Python 2 and Python 3 pre-installed. Let’s update and upgrade the system:
Once the process is complete, we check the Python 3 version by typing:
Guess I’ll add pip, Always handy to have a package installer aboard:
We need a few more packages and development tools to ensure that we have a robust setup:
Setting up isolated project spaces (virtual environments):
Creating a project directory:
Enable the project environment:
A fresh Jessie installation uses Python version 2.7 as system default:
I will use the update-alternatives command to set 3.4 as the new standard:
Checking if it worked:
Listing all Python alternatives:
From now on, typing:
… makes it possible to switch versions by entering a selection number.
Update: As version 3.6 is now mainstream, we will download from the Python website and build from source:
Don’t forget to update your alternatives & create a virtual environment.
• 6.2.2 Ruby on Rails
Change dir to your home:
Get the installation script:
Running the script in ~ (get some coffee):
After running the setup script, install the Node.js package.
This nodejs binary package contains both nodejs and npm. In order for some of the npm packages to work:
Use gpg to contact a key server and request the RVM project’s key:
Download the RVM installation script:
Pipe the script to bash to install Rails and the associated latest release of Ruby:
During the installation process, you’ll be prompted for your password. Enter as requested and RVM gets all tools it needs to build and compile Ruby, download the latest version of Ruby, the Ruby on Rails framework, and its dependencies.
When the installation is complete, source the RVM scripts:
A final check that Ruby is correctly installed:
Note: Robby Russell wrote a script that transforms your Jessie laptop in a Rails development machine. Use at your own risk.
6.3 Version Control System
• 6.3.1 Git
6.4 Static Site Generator
• 6.4.1 Jekyll
For installation and setting up a GitHub Pages site locally with Jekyll click here.
• 7.1.1 Nftables
Note: You now have a “whitelisted” firewall that only accepts connections you created yourself. Problems? Follow this thread on the BunsenLabs forums.
Use this basic firewall in addition to restrictive rules on your router!
7.2 Mail encryption
• 7.2.1 GnuPG/GPG
8.1 Bash Scripts
• 8.1.1 Screenfetch
Displays system information and ASCII version of the Linux distro logo.
Note: Instead Screenfetch you can install Neofetch.
8.2 System Monitors
• 8.2.1 iftop
Tool that produces a frequently updated list of network connections.
• 8.2.2 ttyload
Tracks load averages over time on a UNIX(ish) machine.
Some eye candy because not everything is just about functionality, right?
9.1 Terminal Colors
• 9.1.1 Terminator
Copy the config from here and replace the default file in ~/.config/terminator.
Note: If you want to design your own scheme, visit terminal.sexy.
9.2 System Panel/Taskbar
• 9.2.1 Tint2
Download oomox-colors.tint2rc and drop it in ~/.config/tint2.
9.3 Window Manager
• 9.3.1 Openbox
Time to teach Openbox a few tricks as well. Set the number of desktops to four and disable all window decorations in ~/.config/openbox/rc.xml:
<desktops> <number>4</number> <firstdesk>1</firstdesk> <names> <name>1</name> <name>2</name> <name>3</name> <name>4</name> </names> <popupTime>875</popupTime> </desktops> <application name="*"> <decor>no</decor> </application>
Note: You can also disable just a single app, e.g. x-terminal-emulator.
Update: Head_on_a_Stick has built some experimental packages which theme Openbox with rounded corners. For a how-to, see this thread.
9.4 Internet Browser
• 9.4.1 Firefox
Download this homepage for Firefox here.
Packages I use on a daily basis but for whatever dark reason always forget when creating a new setup:
YOU ARE DONE
Joyent’s public and private cloud, free for use as open source.